Independent College Dublin Dissertation
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ItemIs it possible to implement Restorative Justice and Restorative Practices in the Mexican Education System? Feasibility Analysis( 2022)Given the growth of bullying cases in Mexico and the lack of effective instruments to address the situation, the possibility of implementing restorative justice and restorative practices at primary and secondary school levels in Mexico was raised. Using the primary resources was found that restorative processes are being applied informally at some educational levels but without any legal system that recognizes and empowers the application of this matter. Additionally, stakeholders involved in the school sphere are allowed to notice the contextual barriers that exist for the implementation, highlighting among them the cultural and economic ones, since Mexico is a country with clearly punitive roots "of imposing punishments"; and lacking material and human resources to support implementation. At the same time, the brief study of other countries that have applied restorative justice permits us to identify some essential elements for its development and appreciate the importance of applying this subject as philosophy inside and outside the school. This work constitutes the first step to identifying the current contextual conditions of restorative justice through the voice of those already involved in such processes.
ItemAn analysis of the war in Ukraine and the role of mediation in international conflict( 2022)This research reviews the problems that exist in armed conflicts, international mediation as a possible end to the conflict, mediation as a peace process, the conflict in Ireland, and how this conflict has been resolved through mediation, compared to the war in Russia and Ukraine, we are doing a qualitative case study investigation, we will also see the possible solution that the Mexican president has given and how it was not viable or listened to. The goal is to see how Irish society has decoded hate and changed it to prosperity, becoming a country with one of the best salaries in the European Union in a few years. Understand the conflict between Russia and Ukraine and discuss why there has not been an approach to negotiations; we will also see Mexico’s proposal and analyse the reason for it.
ItemEFFECTIVENESS OF ECOWAS CONFLICT RESOLUTION MECHANISM IN RESOLVING POST 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN THE GAMBIA( 2022)Mediation and other forms of conflict resolution approaches including intervention has always been a priority for the ECOWAS sub-regional bloc in setting sub-regional conflicts. ECOWAS has within its mechanism, protocol on Conflict Management, Resolution, Security and Peacekeeping, protocol on Good Governance and Democracy and Framework on Conflict Prevention and Election Monitoring. It is within these mechanisms that ECOWAS intervened in the civil wars in Liberia and Sierra Leone. ECOWAS dispatched a mission to gather facts and assess the level of preparedness of The Gambia in holding credible elections of December 2016. After the December presidential elections and the subsequent post-election dispute, ECOWAS launched a Military intervention (ECOMIG) as a last resort to restore democracy and ensure the stability of the country when all other peaceful means turned futile. This study adopted the Bargaining Theory of Coercion as a theoretical framework to examining ECOWAS engagement in resolving the country’s constitutional crisis. The findings in the study were centered on the researcher’s personal direct experience of the conflict, reviewing secondary publications, including books, journals, newspaper, internet sources and other relevant ECOWAS and UN instruments. The study concluded with providing recommendation to ECOWAS and The Gambia on discussions that could tackle the growing insecurity, such as the reemergence of coup d’état, electoral conflicts and terrorism that the West African sub-region continues to battle with. Key Words: ECOWAS, Conflict resolution, Coercive diplomacy, Mechanism, bargaining theory
ItemCONFLICTS BETWEEN LANDLORDS AND TENANTS IN IRELAND AND THEIR MEDIATION( 2022)Ireland's housing crisis, compounded by the COVID-19 epidemic, is a well-known problem. With the pandemic, the uncomfortable pre-COVID-19 scenario has worsened significantly. Issues between landlords and tenants have become increasingly obvious. The frequency of issues between landlords and renters that are presented to the Residential Tenancies Board is cited by McCrave (2019) as an increasing issue in Ireland (RTB). He claims that between 2015 and 2018, and between 2018 and 2019, the quantity of requests for information and services increased before COVID-19. The main objective of this project is to collect data on the use of alternative dispute resolution approaches in the Irish rental market. In addition, the precise goals and objectives of the research are as follows: 1 - Determine and verify the most common problems between tenants and landlords, knowing whether or not external help was requested to resolve conflicts; 2 - Check how is the use of restorative practices in the rental sector in Dublin, whether it is effective or not; 3 - Identify the number of cases that go through mediation for conflict resolution and how many of these cases are effectively resolved. The 22-question survey was produced using Google Forms and distributed in accordance with the guidelines in the methodology chapter. Over the course of the online survey session, 179 responses from landlords and renters who were included in the rental market and distributed at random were received. The survey results showed that many individuals, particularly in Ireland, encounter housing difficulties and are unaware of the conflict resolution procedures used by the bodies responsible for the organizations. The results of the study's statistics indicate that there is an opportunity to increase public awareness of conflict mediation techniques, making it clear to all rights and duties related to accommodation. There is a noticeable difference in the distribution of information possessed by people who do or do not resort to outside groups for aid in settling conflicts, and it is generally known that both landlords and renters encounter a considerably larger variety of challenges.